The resilience of employment in the Culture and Creative Sectors (CCSs) during the crisis

In April 2013 the Directorate General for Education and Culture (DG EAC) of the European Commission requested the European Expert Network on Culture (EENC) a study on “The resilience of employment in the Culture and Creative Sectors (CCSs) during the crisis, the percentage of youth employment in the CCCs, and the projections of employment and growth of the CCCs notably in the digital environment”.

The study collects and analyses the available public data on culture, creativity and the new technologies from the 28 European Member States, with the aim to present statistical and policy evidence supporting the assumption that employment in the culture and creative sectors (CCSs) has proven to provide for a certain degree of resilience during the years of the financial crisis in Europe.

Indeed, the review and analysis of the best available statistical evidence regarding employment in the various local labour markets in Europe, has enabled to show that the cultural and creative sectors (CCSs) have provided for a certain degree of resilience during the years of the economic crisis in Europe.

Still, in a period when public and private budgets decrease it is important that public policies aim at fostering both cultural participation and consumption of cultural goods and services in order to boost the development of the ultural and creative sectors through direct market revenue. Also due consideration should be given to the importance that regulating labour markets can impact strongly on the development of the CCSs.

This document has been prepared by Giulio Stumpo, and revised by Robert Manchin on behalf of the European Expert Network on Culture (EENC). Research support and consultation has been provided by Elena Alessandrini, Cristina Da Milano, Mercedes Giovinazzo, Flaminia Piedimonte and Federica Torsello.