Opportunities for CCSs to Access Finance in the EU – Short Analytical Report

The short analytical report focusing on the financial environment for the Cultural and Creative Sectors (CCSs) in EU Member States has been requested to the European Expert Network on Culture (EENC) by the Directorate General for Education and Culture of the European Commission (DG EAC). The request also involved providing a mapping of funding mechanisms and of regulatory incentives for the CCSs across the EU as well as identifying examples of innovative and most effective practices.

This report is set against the following framework. First, the European Commission, under the framework of ‘Creative Europe’, its new framework program for 2014-2020, wishes to contribute in concrete ways to the promotion of competitiveness of the CCSs in Europe. Second, there is an increasing engagement of the European Commission in the promotion of Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs), also as regards the CCSs. Finally, there is a growing interest of both EU Member States and regional and local authorities in identifying solutions to the “access to finance” issue which is known as one of the biggest challenges for micro and small entrepreneurs in the CCSs throughout Europe.

In the last years several research reports have been published on the issue of accessing finance by the CCSs. Still, a study which attempts summarizing and updating relevant information on existing financing schemes for the CCSs in EU Member States was lacking. The present study also presents hands-on information for professionals in the sector on such funding instruments and examples of innovative practices, including financial schemes or relevant public regulatory incentives. It also includes a set of practices that can be considered as efficient and which are widely used to support the CCSs, including subsidies which have a long-term sustainability effect.

The report was carried out by Cornelia Dümcke, Zora Jaurová and Péter Inkei on behalf of the EENC.

EU-South Korea: Current Trends of Cultural Exchange and Future Perspectives

In 2012, the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Education and Culture (DG EAC) asked the EENC to map existing trends in cultural exchange between the EU and the Republic of Korea (South Korea) and their economic dimension. The request arose in the context of the implementation of the Protocol on Cultural Cooperation, which entered into force in 2011 as part of the EU-Korea Free Trade Agreement.

The resulting document presents a mapping of the current reality of cultural exchange between the EU and South Korea in several specific fields, including publishing, performing arts, cultural heritage, the mobility of artists and culture professionals, cultural industries and audiovisual (with a particular focus on co-production), as well as the policies and cooperation frameworks existing in these fields. The report was completed in late 2012 but some tables were updated in September 2013, at the request of DG EAC.

The report was prepared by Marie Le Sourd, Elena Di Federico (both members of staff of On The Move) and Dr Sung-Won Yoon (University of Suwon, South Korea).

Report on Export and Internationalisation Strategies for the Cultural and Creative Industries

In July 2012, the European Commission’s Directorate General for Education and Culture (DG EAC) asked the EENC to produce a commented mapping of strategies and bodies existing in EU Member States to support the export and internationalisation of goods and services in the cultural and creative industries (CCIs), as well as contextual data on trends and export volumes and a final analysis of the evidence presented.

The request arose in the context of the setting-up of a Working Group involving representatives of EU Member States, within the framework of the Council of Ministers’ Work Plan for Culture 2011-2014. The report was then presented and discussed at the first two meetings of the working group, held in Brussels in December 2012 and February 2013.

The resulting document lists approximately 100 publications, policy documents and evaluation reports from the past five years, as well as around 230 bodies involved in the export and internationalisation strategies of CCIs, covering all EU Member States. It also identifies three key action areas where cooperation among European governments and agencies could be furthered, each including specific recommendations: identifying and disseminating good practice; building the knowledge and evidence base for CCI exports; and fostering joined-up policy and investment for CCI export development.

The report was carried out by EENC members Judith Staines and Colin Mercer.