access to culture

ENCC – European Network for Cultural Centres

The European Network for Cultural Centres (ENCC) is an Europe-wide network bringing together cultural centers from 12 European member countries (national associations) and another 7 countries represented in the network by associated members. Furthermore, the ENCC is in close contact with related initiatives and organizations on a European level. Members of ENCC are those national associations and confederations which represent the cultural centres of their country. The ENCC intends to represent the cultural centres of Europe and aims at stimulating the socio-cultural and artistic life in Europe, especially via cultural centres and their functioning. Since its foundation, the ENCC has made many contacts all over Europe in order to find out which and how many cultural centres are operative.

In view of the social consequences of globalisation, economic problems and in the context of migration large parts of the population in today’s European societies have no sufficient access to culture and education. The role of cultural centres is presenting and facilitating artistic work with the aim of creating access to culture and contributing to cultural diversity, as it was proclaimed by UNESCO in its Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. The exchange of ideas, the possibility to compare your own work with the one of other cultural operators in other parts of Europe is a fundamental task of the ENCC.

It therefore organizes Shortcut Europe conferences, platforms for debate on different aspects of the work of the cultural centres. They are organised by the local national network of cultural centres together with the ENCC each year in different places in Europe. Concrete information about the daily work in cultural centres is offered at the ENCC European Project Fair, also organized every year at alternating locations in Europe. On these occasions members and interested guests are invited to present former, current or planned projects and look for partners from all over Europe. Furthermore, the ENCC offers the staff exchange programme Bridge between European Cultural Centres (BECC). It provides the possibility for people working in cultural centres to take part in the daily life of a cultural centre in another country.

The general objectives of the ENCC are: “Debate, Lobbying and Service” on a European level, while its specific objectives are to:

  • implement a professional network service for cultural centres on a European level
  • promote intercultural communication and partnerships, especially in building local partnerships between cultural centres in European countries
  • promote dialogue between cultural centres with European and global perspectives
  • foster an international exchange of experiences, professionals and young activists
  • articulate the interests and strengthen the voice of cultural centres on a European level
  • provide funding opportunities for cultural centres and their networks
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IFCCD – International Federation of Coalitions for Cultural Diversity

The IFCCD aims to protect and promote the diversity of cultural expressions worldwide, advocates the development and implementation of national, regional and international policies, and promotes the ratification process of the UNESCO Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions. IFCCD is the voice of cultural professionals worldwide, bringing together 43 national coalitions comprised of over 600 professional culture organizations representing creators, artists, independent producers, distributors, broadcasters and editors in the publishing, motion picture, television, music, performing arts and visual arts fields.

It was founded in Sevilla in 2007 to replace the International Liaison Committee of Coalitions for Cultural Diversity (ILC). ILC was created in 2003 as an initiative of the Coalitions for Cultural Diversity to facilitate cooperation, development of common positions and actions, and promotion of the elaboration of the Convention on Cultural Diversity. The ILC delegates participated as observers in the international sessions of negotiations for the production of the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions, thus ensuring that the voice of cultural professionals was heard during this labor-intensive process.

The implementation of the Convention on March 18, 2007 gave a new momentum to the ILC action which then became the International Federation of the Coalitions for Cultural Diversity. The Federation is incorporated in Canada and has its Secretariat in Montreal. The French Coalition for Cultural Diversity ensures the representation of the IFCCD at the UNESCO in Paris.

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Swedish Arts Council

The Swedish Arts Council is a government authortity whose task is to carry out national cultural policy determined by the Swedish government and the Parliament. The goal is to increase access to culture for all who live in Sweden, as well as to provide financial support for artists and cultural institutions on the national, regional and local level, and support, develop and initiate interaction between the state, regions, municipalities and representatives of cultural life in Sweden, e.g. libraries, museums and performing arts centres. In order to safeguard and develop Swedish national cultural policy, promote cultural diversity and an even geographical spread in cultural provision, the Council is responsible for:

  • The allocation of state cultural funding to theatre, dance, music, literature, arts periodicals and public libraries, and to the fine arts, museums and exhibitions,
  • Providing the Swedish government with the basic data it needs to make cultural policy decisions, by evaluating state spending in the cultural sphere, etc,
  • Providing information about culture and cultural policy.
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Melissa Butcher

Dr. Melissa Butcher is a Lecturer in the Department of Geography at The Open University. The focus of her research is transnational mobility, cultural change, intercultural competence and conflict in diverse urban spaces, emphasising questions of identity and belonging. Before joining the OU, Melissa lived and worked in India, taught in universities in Ireland and Australia, and has also worked as a journalist, and a development education and intercultural trainer in the private, government and community sectors.  Her recent publications include: ‘Managing Cultural Change: Reclaiming Synchronicity in a Mobile World’ (Ashgate 2011) ‘Dissent and Cultural Resistance in Asia’s Cities‘ (with S. Velayutham, Routledge 2009), ‘Ingenious: Emerging Youth Cultures in Urban Australia‘ (with Mandy Thomas, Pluto Press, 2003), and ‘Transnational Television, Cultural Identity and Change: When STAR Came to India‘ (Sage, 2003). Melissa presents and writes regularly on issues relating to globalisation, migration, urban diversity, youth culture and global human resources management.

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Bjarki Valtysson

Bjarki Valtysson is Associate Professor at the Department of Arts and Cultural Studies at the University of Copenhagen and has a background in literature, cultural studies, and digital communication. His research interests include cultural, media, and communication policies and regulation, particularly in terms of the politics of social media and networked cultures. He also researches the application and reception of social media within the area of museums, archives, libraries, and social network sites as well as how these relate to production, distribution, use, and consumption in digital cultures. His research interests also include digital media and democracy, with a focus on digital public spheres, networked publics, and counterpublics. Valtysson recently published a book on Icelandic cultural policy.

Bjarki is also a Compendium author for Denmark’s cultural policy and has a blog dedicated to writings on digital culture and communication.

He holds  a PHD from Institute for Communication, Business and Information Technologies, Roskilde University,  a MA in Modern Culture and Cultural Communication from University of Copenhagen and a BA in Comparative Literature from University of Iceland.  His PhD thesis, Access Culture – The Remixable Culture of Prosumers and the Cultural Policy of the European Union, focuses on the notion of access culture (policies, copyright, etc.), digital public spheres, networked publics (and counter-publics) and prosumers (producer-consumer). Objectives of analysis include internet art, the Europeana digital library, EU directives on the audiovisual sector, databases such as the Internet Archive and BBC’s Creative Archive, and collaborative open source inspired projects like Elephants Dream.

Valtysson is a member of the Digital Culture and Mobile Communication research group at ITU, and a member of the Center for Network Culture at ITU.

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New Media

New Media is a non-governmental organisation in the field of Information and Communication Technologies. In this respect, is dedicated to the research of new cultural relations, contemporary artistic practice, and social issues.’s work focuses on questions concerning the influence of the electronic media on society, on the creative use of new communication technologies, and on contemporary cultural and social policy bringing together artists, theoreticians, media activists, researchers and the wider public. By the work focused on interpretation and analysis of the history and significance of the information society, the potential of information itself, and the diffusion of its influence on political, economic and cultural relationships in contemporary society, the New Media opens space for both cultural dialog and alternative methods of education and research. programs coverning which provides information in the field of new media, contemporary art, social phenomena, research and education by means of a library, mediatheque and digital archive;

kuda.lounge establishes conditions for building critical and creative approach towards digital culture; it is devoted to the issues of contemporary cultural politics, the creative use of new communication technologies as well as the influence of electronic media in a society. kuda.lounge consists of lectures, workshops, talks, and public presentations of artists, media activists, theorists, scientists and researchers and since 2000 onwards over 100 events have been organised within the kuda.lounge;

kuda.production and publishing creates a matrix for non-profit artistic production in the field of new media and technologies, interdisciplinary research and experiment. Besides organizing many exhibitions and conferences, from 2004 onwards, offers free web space on the kuda server for artists, activists and the NGO sector;

All lectures and presentations held in the framework of kuda.lounge program in the period of 2001 to 2006 have been recorded in audio-video format and archived in’s mediatheque. All video material is available for watching and further copying and re-distribution is welcome. runs a Mobile Laboratory as a colaborative platform for knowledge and technological exchange through Novi Sad city and other cities in Vojvodina region. The basic tool that is used in project implementation is mobile lab /equipped vehicle/, which has the possibility of introducing new technologies, direct knowledge and skills transfer and reproduction of produced material in public spaces. Mobile lab deals with networking, collaboration and co-production in terms of empowering creative practices and directing them to wider groups such us: youth, minorities and marginalized groups and at the same time is promoting their rights through open and equal access to new tools and content. The main goal is to create reliable local, regional and international infrastructure that could be the framework for future planning and influencing cultural policy implementation.

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The is a non-governmental media portal and information service  covering culture and contemporary art news and topics, with the main focus on the independent cultural scene in Croatia. It is strategically contributing to cultural media diversity in Croatia.

Initiated in 2005 by the Clubture Network and run by Kurziv – Platform for Matters of Culture, Media and Society NGO, is aiming to increase the influence and public visibility of the independent cultural sector, constantly encouraging social and political participation, monitoring civic initiatives and advocacy processes, youth culture, urban culture, social activism, new technologies, alternative economies, free software and many other social, political and economic features which have direct impact on cultural production in Croatia.

Its editorial approach is analytical and critical. In addition to regular portal news topics, announcements, current information on funding opportunities, there are several editorial subcategories (Poptika, Kulturskop and Kultrapunkt) covering phenomenons of popular culture and providing theoretical texts and insights into the cultural politics of Southeastern Europe with a special focus on cultural policies in transition, non-governmental SEE trends, cultural decentralisation and new public culture. is covering “Criticize this!,”a collaborative  media initiative between Kulturtreger and Kurziv from Croatia, KPZ Beton and from Serbia, and Plima from Montenegro.

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Danish Cultural Institute

The Danish Cultural Institute is an independent institution supported by the Danish Ministry of Culture. The Institute was established in 1940. The objectives of the Institute are to promote cultural exchange between Denmark and other nations and regions, to inform about Denmark and support long-term cooperation between foreign and Danish cultural institutions, artists and other professionals. The activities evolve around cultural projects, publishing activities, exhibitions, concerts, conferences, seminars, training and education both abroad and in Denmark. These are coordinated through the head office in Copenhagen and branch offices in Benelux, Brazil, China, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia and the United Kingdom. The Institute also enables the Job Swop, an international exchange of staff and arranges study tours for groups with special professional interests within its network.

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Cultural Center REX

Cultural Center REX is a laboratory for research of new fields of culture. The centre is the member of the European Network of Independent Cultural Centres – Trans Europe Halles, the coalition of centres for creative development and use of new media (the ECB network – European cultural backbone), the Clubture – the informal regional project platform (M2, Croatia) and the Association of Independent Cultural Scene of Serbia.

REX was formed in 1994 by Belgrade based radiostation B92, by the name of Cinema REX and as a cultural centre space for providing the conditions for realisation and presentation of domestic production from the field of theatre and visual arts, music, film, video, new media; organizing  workshops, promotions and discussion and being actively involved in social and political movements, networking the co-operations throughout Yugoslavia.

REX is coverning contemporary culture and promoting creative use of new media by:

  • supporting production and presentation of analytical and critical culture;
  • promoting values of open and democratic society and culture and art that reflect current civil needs and initiatives;
  • carries out projects in collaboration with cultural workers active on local or ex-Yugoslav scene;
  • carries out programmes in Belgrade and throughout Serbia with the aim of playing an active part in the European cultural milieu: organizes guest visits of various artists, participates in forums and workshops, initiates and carries out international projects, exchanges programmes and experiences with similar centres;
  • insists on working with young people and audience, emphasizing educational aspect of such an activity;
  • creates a “free zone” for discussion about current political and social processes.

Some of the REX culture and exchange activities in focus are:

The Crossroads East West programme focus is on detecting and analyzing different processes and projects of intercultural dialogue of existing cultural and artistic project activities, and mapping of intercultural dialogue in Serbia focused on contemporary cultural and artistic sphere in order to explore and better understand the nature and capacity of intercultural dialog  in the Eastern and Western Europe. The Crossroads East West intercultural dialogue programme meetings and debates are part of the Engine Room Europe, a three-year project focusing on independent cultural workers and their field of activity.

Engine Room Europe, REX is one of 11 co-organisers in a three-year capacity building project dedicated to the sustainable future of the European independent cultural sector through investment in its cultural workers and their creative processes. This objective will be achieved by a three-year programme of Europe wide activities. The main aim of the project is to enhance the capacity and sustainability of independent culture in Europe. The project is carried out with the support of the European Commission.

Mission Less Probable is a REX series of public presentations and debates, held by artists, architects, cultural workers, policy makers and NGO activists chiefly from the SEE region with the task of locate and analyse the gaps between aims and real outcomes of the selected case study artistic, architectural, civil society or cultural policy-related production.

Intercultural Dialogues’ Mapping in the Republic of Serbia is a project of Working Group for preservation of cultural diversity and intercultural dialogue, realized by Serbian Ministry of Culture and Cultural Centre Rex as a partner organization. Project of Mapping and Affirmation of Projects and Processes of Intercultural Dialogues in the Republic of Serbia serve to locate and research different aspects of intercultural dialogues under conditions that are characteristic for Serbia and within the existing cultural, activist or research practice.

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Pavla Petrová

Pavla Petrová has a professional experience in cultural management working on projects and for large cultural institutions. As a team member of different expert and working groups she was involved in the field of cultural policy and mobility of artists and cultural professionals. In March 2008, Pavla was appointed as the Director of the Arts and Theatre Institute in Prague.

Previously she has been working for the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic focusing on theatre, dance, visual arts, music, literature and libraries. She also worked as the producer manager of the International Festival of New Dance CONFRONTATIONS 2001 and the producer of the Central European Dance Platform 2002. Between 2004 and 2005, as a member of the expert team she helped prepare a first strategic legal instrument in the Czech Republic in the field of arts, “The Concept for More Efficient Support of the Arts in 2007 – 2013″. She has been a national correspondent for the study “Mobility Matters: Programmes and Schemes to Support the Mobility of Artists and Cultural Professionals” (ERICarts, 2008) and the study “Access of Young People to Culture” (InterArts, 2009). Pavla was the Director of the Prague Quadrenniel 2011.

Ms. Petrova is also a vice-chairperson of “The Administrative Board of Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague”, a member of “OMC Working Group on Mobility of Artists and other Culture Professionals” in Brussels, a chairperson of “The Programme Board of Artistic Residencies and Study Scholarships for Artists of the Ministry of Culture”, a member of the Research Team of the Research Grant “Mapping Cultural and Creative Industries in the Czech Republic 2011-2015″ and a member of “The Czech Commission for UNESCO”.

She is the author of numerous articles and several books. She has background in economics and management.

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